Tài liệu Ôn tập ngữ pháp cơ bản Tiếng Anh –14 pdf

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Mô tả: Ôn tập ngữ pháp cơ bản Tiếng Anh –14 LESSON 14: CONDITIONAL SENTENCES (IF SENTENCES) I. Conditional Sentences (If Sentences): Type 1 Ex: If I finish my homework, I will go to the concert (= I will go to the concert if I finish my homework.) * If clause: If I finish my homework, * Main clause: I will go to the concert 1. Form If + S + V1… , S + will + Vo…… 2. Use Diễn tả một hành động có thể xảy ra ở hiện tại hoặc tương lai. II. Conditional Sentences (If Sentences): Type 2 1. Form If + S + V2/ed… , S + would/could + Vo…… were)(be 2. Use Diễn tả một hành động không thể xảy ra ở hiện tại. Ex: - If he had much time, he would help you. (He doesn’t have much time now) - If I were in your position, I could do that. (I am not in your position now) III. Conditional Sentences (If Sentences): Type 3 1. Form If + S + had + V3/ed… , S + would/could + have + V3/ed… 2. Use Diễn tả một điều kiện không thể xảy ra trong quá khứ. Ex: If we had studied hard last year, we would have got good marks. (We didn’t study hard last year and we didn’t get good marks) * Summary: Type If clauses Main clauses 1 If + S + V1… , S + will + Vo…… 2 If + S + V2/ed… , were)(be S + would/could + Vo… 3 If + S + had + V3/ed… , S + would/could + have + V3/ed…. IV. Notes 1. Unless: “If … not” có thể thay bằng “UNLESS” (trừ phi): Ex: - We will be late if we don’t hurry. - We will be late unless we hurry. - If I have time, I’ll help you. Unless I have time, I won’t help you.- 2. Inversion: Bỏ IF trong 3 loại câu điều kiện (phải có đảo ngữ với SHOULD/WERE/HAD): Ex: - If it should be necessary, I will go. Should it be necessary, I will go.- Ex: - If I were rich, I would buy a new car. Were I rich, I would buy a new car.- Ex: - If you had asked me, I would have told you the answer. - Had you asked me, I would have told you the answer. 3. Một số từ, cụm từ có thể thay cho IF với nghĩa tương đương: provided that; so(as) long as (miễn là); in case (trong trường hợp); on condition that (với điều kiện) Ex: You can borrow my book provided that you bring it back. EXERCISES (IF SENTENCES) I/ Delete the incorrect verb form. 1. I’ll send/ send you some information if you’ll tell/ tell me your address. 2. If Kate will be/ is late again, she’ll lose/ loses her job. 3. You’ll be/ are sick if you’ll eat/ eat all that ice-cream. 4. There won’t be/ isn’t enough room if everyone will come/ comes. 5. If we’ll go/ go out tomorrow evening, we’ll miss/ miss that new programme on TV. II/ Put the verbs in parentheses in the correct form to complete the sentences or exchanges. 1. A: My mother always spends his money on expensive things. B: If he ______________ (be) practical, he _______________ (can save) some money. 2. A: Conservation programs have been introduced by most governments to prevent reckless waste of land. B: If there _______________ (not be) proper control by the governments, the earth ______________ (be) greatly damaged now. 3. A: Last month, we paid a massive electricity bill. B: If you ________________ (not waste) so much electricity, the bill___________(not be ) so large. 4. If Mr. Brown ________________ (save) some money when he was young, he ______________ (not be) so poor now. 5. A: The invitation says six o’clock. B: Well, it’s six thirty now. A: If we _______________ (start) earlier, we ______________ (not be) so late now. III/ Complete the following sentences, using the correct form of the verbs in brackets. 1. Tom got to the station in time to catch his train. If he (miss)____________ it, he (be)_____________ late for his interview. 2. It’s good that you reminded me about Lan’s birthday. I (forget)______________ if you (not remind)_______________ me. 3. Unfortunately, I didn’t have my address book with me when I was in New York. If I (have)_______________ your address, I (send)_____________ you a postcard. 4. I took a taxi to the hotel but the traffic was very bad. It (be)___________quicker if I (walk)_______________. 5. I didn’t know you were in hospital. If I (know)______________, I(go)_______________ to visit you. IV/ Use conditional sentence type 2 with would or could. 1. We can’t bathe in this part of river because the water is too dirty. …………………….…………………� ��……………………………………  2. We spend too much money on electricity because we have four air conditioners in our house. ……………………….………………� ��……………………………………  3. I can’t write to Linh because I don’t have her address. ……………………….………………� ��……………………………………  4. Dick often causes accidents because he drives carelessly. ……………………….………………� ��……………………………………  5. We can’t give much help to the poor because we waste a lot of money on unnecessary things. ……………………….………………� ��……………………………………  V/ Rewrite the following sentences, using Conditional Sentences Type 3 1. He didn’t hurry, so he missed the train. If_____________________________________________ _____________ 2. My brother didn’t leave the car keys, so I couldn’t pick him up at the station. If my brother___________________________________________ ______ 3. We didn’t go because it rained. If it hadn’t__________________________________________ _________ 4. We didn’t go on holiday because we didn’t have enough money. If we________________________________________________ _________ 5. Susan felt sick because she ate four cream cakes. If Susan_____________________________________________ ________ 6. Without this treatment, the patient would have died. If he________________________________________________ ________ 7. We got lost because we didn’t have a map. If we________________________________________________ ______ 8. He lost his job because he was late every day. If he________________________________________________ ________ 9. Peter is fat because he eats so many chips. If________________________________________________ ___________ 10. Robert got a bad cough because he started smoking cigarettes. If Robert____________________________________________ ________ 11. Those people weren’t prepared to face the floods; therefore, the consequence was disastrous. _______________________________________________ ______________ ________________________________________ 12. We didn’t enjoy our camping trip last week because it rained all the time. _______________________________________________ ______________ _ 13. That village was heavily flooded last year because trees in the nearby forests were cut down without control. _______________________________________________ ______________ ________________________________________ 14. We started our vacation too late, and we had to suffer bad weather. _______________________________________________ ______________ 15. She didn’t take her friends’ advice; therefore, she failed in her business. _______________________________________________ ______________ KEY EXERCISES (IF SENTENCES) I/ Delete the incorrect verb form. 1. send ; ‘ll tell 2. will be; loses 3. are; ’ll eat 4. isn’t; will come 5. ’ll go; miss II/ Put the verbs in parentheses in the correct form to complete the sentences or exchanges. 1. were; could save 2. weren’t; would be 3. hadn’t wasted; wouldn’t have been 4. had saved; wouldn’t have been 5. started; wouldn’t be III/ Complete the following sentences, using the correct form of the verbs in brackets. 1. had missed; would have been 2.would have forgot; hadn’t reminded 3. had had; would have sent 4. would have been; had walked 5. had known; would have gone IV/ Use conditional sentence type 2 with would or could. 1. If the water weren’t too dirty, we could bathe in this part of river. 2. If we didn’t have four air conditioners, we wouldn’t spend too much money on electricity. 3. If I had Linh’s address, I could write to her. 4. If Dick didn’t drive carelessly, he wouldn’t often cause accidents. 5. If we didn’t waste a lot of money on unnecessary things, we could give much help to the poor. V/ Rewrite the following sentences, using Conditional Sentences Type 3 1. If he had hurried, he wouldn’t have missed the train. . Ôn tập ngữ pháp cơ bản Tiếng Anh –14 LESSON 14: CONDITIONAL SENTENCES (IF SENTENCES) I V2/ed… , S + would/could + Vo…… were)(be 2. Use Diễn tả một hành động không thể xảy ra ở hiện tại. Ex: - If he had much time, he would help you. (He

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  • mydoc
    mydoc · Vào lúc 09:25 pm 07/02/2014
    Quá hay luôn bạn!!!
  • An Nhiên
    An Nhiên · Vào lúc 07:20 am 14/02/2014
    Tài liệu Tài liệu Ôn tập ngữ pháp cơ bản Tiếng... rất tuyệt. Cám ơn nhiều!
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    leal · Vào lúc 05:24 pm 24/02/2014
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    cám ơn bạn nhiều nhiều nhé, bài này rât hữu ích với mình
  • fresh boy 43
    fresh boy 43 · Vào lúc 12:31 am 25/02/2014
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