UNIT 16: READING

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Mô tả: Unit 16: Can you tell me some wonders in the world Great Pyramid of Great Pyramid of Giza Giza Egypt Great Wall of Great Wall of China China China Taj Mahal Taj Mahal India Petra Petra Jordan Colosseum Colosseum Italy Chichen Itza Chichen Itza Mexico What is your favorite What is your favorite wonder of the world ? wonder of the world ? Taj Mahal Taj Mahal India Petra Petra Jordan Chichen Itza Chichen Itza Mexico Colosseum Colosseum Italy Great Pyramid of Great Pyramid of Giza Giza Egypt Great Wall of Great Wall of China China China Where do you think Where do you think The Great Pyramid of Giza is The Great Pyramid of Giza is located? located? The The Great Great Pyramid Pyramid of of Giza Giza is is in in Egypt. Egypt. What do you know about What do you know about The Great Pyramid of Giza? The Great Pyramid of Giza? The Great Pyramid of Giza is The Great Pyramid of Giza is the oldest and largest of the the oldest and largest of the three Pyramids in the Giza three Pyramids in the Giza Necropolis bordering what is now Necropolis bordering what is now Cairo, Egypt in Africa and is the Cairo, Egypt in Africa and is the only remaining nember of The only remaining nember of The Seven wonder of the Ancient Seven wonder of the Ancient world. world. It is believed to have been built It is believed to have been built as a tomb for fourth dynasty as a tomb for fourth dynasty Egyptian pharaoth Khufu and Egyptian pharaoth Khufu and constructed over a 20 year constructed over a 20 year period concluding around 2560 period concluding around 2560 BC. The tallest man made BC. The tallest man made structure in the world for over structure in the world for over 3,800 years, it is sometimes 3,800 years, it is sometimes called Khufu’s Pyramid or the called Khufu’s Pyramid or the Pyramid of Khufu. Pyramid of Khufu. Pyramid (n) Pyramid (n) / / 'p 'p I I rəmid rəmid / / What do you call a place where the dead rest? A chamber for the A chamber for the dead dead tomb (n) tomb (n) / / tu:m tu:m / / treasure (n) treasure (n) / / 'treʒə 'treʒə / / Stored wealth in the form of Stored wealth in the form of valuables such as: money, jewel valuables such as: money, jewel burial chamber (n) burial chamber (n) / / 'beriəl 'beriəl 't∫eimbə 't∫eimbə / / spiral ramp (n) spiral ramp (n) / / 'spaiərəl 'spaiərəl ræmp ræmp / / Please complete these sentences with the words they have just learnt 1. The Great is one of The 7 wonders in the world. 2. They found a . in an isolated island. 3. Excuse me, Can you tell me where King Tu Duc is? 4. The purpose of this huge stone pyramid was to serve as a tomb when he died and to protect the from the weather and from thieves who might try to steal the treasures and belongings there. 5. One theory involves the construction of a straight or that was raised as the construction proceeded Pyramidtomb treasure burial chamber spiral ramp THE GREAT PYRAMID OF GIZA THE GREAT PYRAMID OF GIZA The Great Pyramid of Giza was built by the Egyptian pharaoh Khufu around the year 2560 BC. The purpose of this huge stone pyramid was to serve as a tomb when he died and to protect the burial chamber from the weather and from thieves who might try to steal the treasures and belongings there. The Great Pyramid is believed to have been built over a 20- year period. First, the site was prepared and then the huge blocks of stone were transported and put in their places. When it was built, the Geart Pyramid was 147 metres high on a base of 230 metres square. It ranks as the tallest structure on earth for more than 43 centuries, only to be surpassed in height in the nineteenth century AD. The structure consisted of approximately 2 million blocks of stone, each weighing about 2.5 tons. It has been suggested that there are enough blocks in the three pyramids to build a 3-metre high, 0.3-metre-thick wall around France. Although it is not known how the blocks were put in place, several theories have been proposed. One theory involves the construction proceeded. A second theory suggests that the blocks were lifted and placedusing thousands of huge weight arms. Today, the Great Pyramid of Giza enclosed, together with the other pyramids in the tourist region of the Giza Plateau on the west bank of the River Nile. Also in the museum housing the mysterious Sun Boat, only discovered in 1954 near the south side of the pyramid. The boat is believed to have used to carry the body of Khufu in his last journey on earth before being buried inside the pyramid. The words in the box all appear in the passage.Fill each blank with a suitable word mysterious chamber ramp spiral tomb wonder 1. Last week we paid a visit to the of an unknown mandarin. 2. The movie was about a of the world. 3. A . is needed at the exit and the entrance for wheelchairs users. 4. The Queen’s private is not opened to public. 5. It’s not known why Beson disappeared in . Circumstances. 6. A snail’s shell is in form. 1. Where is the Great Pyramid of Giza situated and when was it built? 2. How high and large was the Great Pyramid of Giza? 3. What was the purpose of this huge stone pyramid? 4. How did the people of ancient Egypt build the Great Pyramid? 5. According to the passage, what is the boat believed to have been used for?   It is situated on the west bank of the River Nile and was built It is situated on the west bank of the River Nile and was built around the year 2560 BC. around the year 2560 BC.   It was about 147 metres high on base of 230 metres square. It was about 147 metres high on base of 230 metres square.   The purpose of this huge stone pyramid was to serve as a The purpose of this huge stone pyramid was to serve as a tomb when the Egyptian Pharaoh Khufu died and to protect the tomb when the Egyptian Pharaoh Khufu died and to protect the burial chamber from the weather and from thieves who might burial chamber from the weather and from thieves who might try to steal the treasures and belongings there. try to steal the treasures and belongings there.   It is thought that ancient Egyptians used straight or spiral It is thought that ancient Egyptians used straight or spiral ramps or huge weight arms to left and place the blocks of stone. ramps or huge weight arms to left and place the blocks of stone.   The boat is believed to have been used to carry the body of The boat is believed to have been used to carry the body of Khufu in his last journey on earth before being inside the Khufu. Khufu in his last journey on earth before being inside the Khufu. Answer the following questions . Unit 16: Can you tell me some wonders in the world Great Pyramid of Great Pyramid

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