Hướng dẫn sử dụng phần mềm Mastercam X3 - P3

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Mô tả: tài liệu hướng dẫn cách vẽ trong Mastercam X3 có hình ảnh và hướng dẫn cụ thể DisclaimerIn House Solutions, Inc. (the Publisher)andPeter Smid (the Author)provide this publication in the form of 'as is', withoutwarranty of any kind, either expressed or implied,including, but not limited to, the implied warranties ofmerchantability and fitness for a particular purpose.The author may make improvements or changes inthis publication and/or any electronic files (if available),or in the program examples used in this publication,at any time and without notice.Neither the Publisher nor the Author assumes any responsibilityfor any error that may appear in the publication.Use of names of companies and products in this publicationdoes not reflect an endorsement by either those companiesor by the Publisher or the Author.Published by:In House Solutions, Cambridge, ON, CanadaHead Office:In House Solutions, Inc.240 Holiday Inn Drive, Unit ACambridge, ON N3C 3X4CanadaTel: (519) 658 1471Fax: (519) 658 1335www.inhousesolutions.comwww.emastercam.combooks@inhousesolutions.comThis book or parts thereof may not be reproduced,stored in a retrieval systemor transmitted in any formwithout the permission of the publisherCover Design:Coordinators:In House Solutions, Inc.Kim Faustini, Brett Thomas, Tyler Yanta1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10Copyright © 2008 Peter Smid All rights reservedPrinted in CanadaIntroductionMastercam has been the leader in CAM software since 1985. Even today, itretains this number one market position with over 135 000 seats worldwide. Devel-oped by CNC Software, Inc., of Tolland, CT, USA, it has become the de facto stan-dard software of its kind.The purpose of this Exploring Mastercam X3 for 2-1/12 axis Milling Applicationshandbook is to provide a connection of specific Mastercam features to standardCNC programming. Mastercam is highly customizable and its user has many waysto influence the final program output. Although much of the output format is handledby customized machine and control definitions, as well as properly configured postprocessor, it is important to understand various settings in Mastercam functions,many that significantly influence the final program output.It has been said that to successfully use a computer software to develop a CNCprogram, one has to understand manual methods of CNC programming. This hand-book makes the job a bit easier, as it explains some basic CNC concepts behind var-ious Mastercam functions.This handbook does not duplicate what you can find in standard Mastercam docu-mentation - it assumes the user is familiar with Mastercam on a very basic level. Thehandbook is intended for those CNC programmers who want to understand in rea-sonable depth the various Mastercam settings, the logic behind them, and how theyrelate to CNC program output.Exploring Mastercam X3 for 2-1/12 axis Milling Applications is a significant updateto the previous version for Mastercam X2. Not only it contains all new features of X3as they relate two 2-1/2 axis, such as 2D High speed and Feature Based Machining,it also has 27% more overall content. Most previous topics have been expanded andnew topics added.Overall, keep in mind that Mastercam has taken manual CNC programming con-cepts and turned them into a computerized method of programming. Knowledge ofmanual CNC methods and applications is absolutely critical to successful Master-cam applications.Peter SmidDecember 2008psmid@nas.net(905) 546 1875About the AuthorPeter Smid has been using and teaching Mastercam at all levels since its beginning. He hasmany years of practical industrial experience with CNC and CAD/CAM applications. He is a pro-fessional consultant, educator and speaker, with many years of practical, hands-on experience, inthe industrial and educational fields. During his career, he has gathered extensive experiencewith CNC and Mastercam applications. He consults to manufacturing industry and educationalinstitutions on practical use of Computerized Numerical Control technology, part programming,Mastercam, advanced machining, tooling, setup, and many other related fields. His comprehen-sive industrial background in CNC programming, machining and company oriented training hasassisted several hundred companies to benefit from his wide-ranging knowledge.Mr. Smid’s long time association with advanced manufacturing companies and CNC machineryand software vendors, as well as his affiliation with a number of Community and Technical Col-lege industrial technology programs and machine shop skills training, have enabled him tobroaden his professional and consulting skills in the areas of CNC and Mastercam training, com-puter applications and needs analysis, software evaluation, system benchmarking, programming,hardware selection, software customizing, and operations management.Over the years, Mr. Smid has developed and delivered hundreds of customized educationalprograms to thousands of instructors and students at colleges and universities across UnitedStates, Canada and Europe, as well as to a large number of manufacturing companies and pri-vate sector organizations and individuals.He has actively participated in many industrial trade shows, conferences, workshops and vari-ous seminars, including submission of papers, delivering presentations and a number of speakingengagements to professional organizations. He is also the author of technical articles, and sinceyear 2004 has a monthly CNC related column in ShopTalk Magazine (www.shoptalkmag.com), amachine shop focused magazine that is distributed in several states of the Great Lakes region.He is also the author of many in-house publications on the subject of CNC applications. Duringhis many years as a professional in the CNC industrial and educational field, he has developedtens of thousands of pages of high quality training materials.Peter Smid has also written the predecessor to this publication:Exploring Mastercam X2 for 2-1/2 axis Milling Applications - ISBN13: 9781894487894Books for both versions are available from:http://www.inhouselutions.comhttp://www.emastercam.comhttp://volumesdirect.com/detail.aspx?ID=3716Peter Smid is also the author of three hardcover CNC books (and working on the next one):CNC Programming Handbook, A Comprehensive Guide to Practical CNC ProgrammingThird Edition - ISBN (978-0-8311-)3347-4CNC Programming Techniques, An Insider's Guide to Effective Methods and ApplicationsISBN-10 (0-8311-)3185-3 or ISBN-13 (978-0-8311-)3185-2Fanuc CNC Custom Macros, Practical Resources for Fanuc Custom Macro B UsersISBN-10 (0-8311-)3157-8 or ISBN-13 (978-0-8311-)3157-9All three hardcover books have been published by Industrial Press. Inc., New York, NY,and are also available as eBooks - www.industrialpress.com.TABLE OF CONTENTSiTABLE OF CONTENTSTABLE OF CONTENTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . i xiiSection 1INTRODUCTION TO MASTERCAM X3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13MACHINING APLLICATIONS2 and 2-1/2 Axis Capabilities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13Lathe Capabilities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13SOFTWARE SPECIFICATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14Operating System. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14Graphic RequirementsOverall SpecificationsMastercam X3 - Features. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14POINTING DEVICE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15Mouse. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15Left Mouse ButtonRight Mouse ButtonScroll WheelGRAPHICAL INTERFACE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15Section 2MASTERCAM WORKFLOW . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17Program Development Process . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17Engineering Drawing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17Material SelectionMaterial Libraries. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18Part Setup . 18Tooling Selection . 19Cutting Data . 19Toolpath GeometryToolpath Verification .1919Program OutputCommunications . 2020Summary of Mastercam Workflow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20Section 3WORKING WITH MASTERCAM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21SELECTING MENU ITEMS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21Drop Down Menus (Pull Down Menus). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21© Peter SmidToolbars. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22www.inhousesolutions.com - (519) 658-1471iiTABLE OF CONTENTSStatus Bar Area. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23Status Bar Settings 23SYSTEM CONFIGURATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27Start / ExitC-hooks. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29Tool Tips and Learning Mode. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29OTHER SETTINGS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30File ExtensionsProject Manager 3031Screen 31Backplot Interface 32Verify Interface . 32VIEW MENU . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32FILE MENU . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33NewOpen .3333File Merge / PatternEdit / Open External .3434Save / Save As 34Save Some . 35Print 35Print Preview . 35Import / Export Directory . 35Change Recognition . 35Tracking . 35SCREEN MENU . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36Clear Colors 36Screen Statistics 36Display Entity EndpointsBlank / Un-Blank Entity .3637Hide Entity / Unhide Some 37Screen Grid Settings . 37Shade Settings . 37Regenerate Display List 37Combine Views . 37Geometry Attributes . 38Toggle Auto Highlighting . 38Copy Screen Image to Clipboard . 38HELP MENU . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38Section 4MACHINE - CONTROL DEFINITIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39FEATURES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40TYPICAL CONFIGURATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41www.inhousesolutions.com - (519) 658-1471© Peter SmidTABLE OF CONTENTSiiiMachine Definition ManagerControl Definition Manager. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43Common SettingsFINAL COMMENTS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46Section 5OPERATIONS MANAGER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47OPERATIONS MANAGER WINDOW . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47Operation Descriptions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48Toolpath Geometry Associativity. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50Display. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50PROPERTIES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50Files Tab. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51Tool Settings TabStock Setup TabRectangular ShapeDisplayCylindrical Sha eStock OriginSelect CornersBounding BoxAll EntitiesSafety Zone. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54OVERALL CONSIDERATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62Section 6MATERIAL MANAGER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63TOOL SETTINGS MATERIAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63Material Library . 64Cutting Speed (CS) 65Feed per ToothTool Materials .6666Section 7TOOL MANAGER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67TOOLPATH GEOMETRY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67TOOL MANAGER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67Tool Library Selection . (97 8-0 -8 31 1-) 318 5-2 Fanuc CNC Custom Macros, Practical Resources for Fanuc Custom Macro B UsersISBN-10 ( 0-8 31 1-) 315 7-8 or ISBN-13 (97 8-0 -8 31 1-) 315 7-9 All. Edition - ISBN (97 8-0 -8 31 1-) 334 7-4 CNC Programming Techniques, An Insider's Guide to Effective Methods and ApplicationsISBN-10 ( 0-8 31 1-) 318 5-3 or ISBN-13

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