Gián án bai tap unit 6

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Mô tả: UNIT 6: THE ENVIRONMENT. A. Reading. Exercise 1. Read the following passage and answer the questions Everyday on radio, on TV, and in the newspaper, we hear, see or read about many problems in the world, for example, pollution problems. Air pollution is the first kind. It mostly comes from fumes released from motorbikes, cars, airplanes, trains and poisonous gases emitted from factories. Also, waste is dumped any where, even in the city where many people are living. The second pollution problem is sea pollution. Many people earn their living from fishing in the sea, and the fish they catch feed many people. But the sea has become so polluted from oil spills and factory wastes that the fish are dying. This pollution is not only killing the fish, but is also affecting those people who eat fish. Seldom do you find a place nowadays that is not polluted. This problem is growing more difficult everyday. We must find a good solution that makes the world a better place to live. Choose A, B, C, or D the best answer to complete the sentences below or answer the question. 1. We hear, see and read about problems in the world _______ A. once a week B. every day C. every week D. every year 2. What causes the air pollution? A. fumes from vehicles. B. poisonous gases from factories. C. waste from everywhere D. all are correct 3. The sea has become polluted because of _________ A. oil spills B. factories wastes C. smoke from factories D. a and b are correct 4. In order to make the world a better place to live, we _________ A. should not prevent pollution B. should find a good solution. C. should kill the fish. D. None is correct Decide whether the statements below are true or false. 1. Environmental pollution is one of the world’s problems. 2. Vehicles and factories account for air pollution. 3. Waste is usually dumped in the city where many people are living. 4, the sea water is now heavily contaminated by oil spill and industrial sewage. 5. All of fish are dying because of people kill them for food. 6. At present, there are no unpolluted places in the world. Exercise 2. More than two hundred years ago, the term environment pollution was quite strange to people. They lived healthily, drank pure water and breathed fresh air. Nowadays, the situation is quite different. People all over the world are worried about things that are happening to the environment. Actually it is man that is destroying the surroundings with many kinds of wastes. Everybody knows that motorbikes and cars emit dangerous gases that cause poisonous air and cancer, but no one wants to travel on foot or by bicycle. Manufactures know that wastes from factories make water and soil polluted, but they do not want to spend a lot of their money on treating the waste safely. Scattering garbage is bad for our health, but no one wants to spend time burying it. Is it worth talking a lot about pollution? 1. How did people live more than two hundred years ago? ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 2. What is the man doing with his environment? ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 3. What do the gases from motorbikes and and cars cause? ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 4. Do the factories make water and soil polluted? ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… Exercise 3: Choose the best answer to complete the following sentences. Reading: Garbage is a (1) ________ problem in the U.S. Every year, Americans produce about 308 billion pounds. All of the garbage goes (2) ________the landfills. But many landfills do not have room (3) ________all the garbage. One (4) ________ to the garbage problem is recycling. Half of all the garbage in the U.S can be (5) ________and use again. Recycling helps the landfills problem and (6) ________ enough energy too. When people recycling newspapers, they save (7) ________ When they recycling glass, plastic, or cans. They save oil and electricity. Recycling is good for (8) ________ 1. A. difficultly B. serious C. pleased D. dangerously 2. A. at B. in C. into D. to 3. A. to B. for C. from D. in 4. A. talk B. tell C. answer D. ask 5. A. reused B. recycled C. product D. reduced. 6. A. save B. saving C. to save D. saves. 7. A. trees B. paper C. electricity D. water. 8. A. everything B. everyone C. something D. someone Exercise 4. Fill in each blank of the following passage with one suitable word. Air pollution can (1) _______ people ill. Consequently, some countries (2) _______ laws to control the quality of smoke (3) _______ the air. Air pollution causes particular damage to the body (4) _______ harming the lungs. Leads should not (5) _______ used in petrol because it is bad for children’s (6) _______ and make them clumsy in using (7) _______ hands. Poisonous gas from lead collects in those parts of cities where (8) _______ are tall buildings. Pollution can also have (9) _______ influence on the earth’s climate. The (10) _______ may melt near the North and South Poles, resulting in very bad floods. Exercise 5. Complete the passage with the words provided. There is one extra word that you do not need to use: down – air – quickly – about – save – dirty – important – pollute – grow. We are all destroying the Earth. The seas and rivers are too (1)……………… to swim in. There is so much smoke in the (2)……………that it is unhealthy to live in many of the world’s cities. In one well-known city, for example, poisonous gases from cars (3)……………………the air so much that policemen have to wear oxygen masks. We have to cut (4) …………………….so many trees that there are now vast areas of wasteland all over the world. As a result, farmers in parts of Africa cannot (5)………………enough to eat. In certain countries in Asia there is so little rice. Moreover, we do not take enough care of the countryside. Wild animals are (6)……………………… disappearing. For instance, tigers are rare in India now because we have killed too many for them to survive. However, it isn’t so simple to talk (7) ………………………the problem. We must act now before it is too late to do anything about it. Join us now. (8) …………………………the Earth. Exercise 6. Read the text, and then decide True or False: The environment is everything around us, both natural and made by man. A major problem in the world today is the destruction of the natural environment. This is a complicated problem. We burn fuel, and this causes air pollution. We throw away plastic bags, containing toys and other subjects. These stay in the environment; they are not like paper or wood that slowly disappears. We have made thousands of new chemicals. Factories that make or use chemicals always have chemical wastes. These are often poisonous and they also stay in the environment. Since 1945 several countries have been testing nuclear bombs in the air and underground. The explosions in the air cause nuclear fallout. The fallout causes cancer and kills animals and people. Nuclear power plants that make electricity also produce dangerous wastes and have accidents that can be very disastrous. a. Many big cities are facing serious air pollution…………… b. This is a simple problem ……………… c. Nuclear bombs were first tested in 1945…………………. d. A nuclear bomb causes a terrible destruction…………………………. B. Vocabulary Exercise 1. Give correct formation of these words 1. The air in the city is ___________ (pollute) 2. Please listen to the lecture ____________ (care) 3. An accident happened because of driving ____________ (care) 4. He was ____________ (disappoint) that they were not coming. 5. Air and water _____________ (pollute) can make people fall ill. 6. Plastic bags will cause _____________ (pollute). 7. Mr. Brown is one of the ___________ (conserve) 8. We should make our world _____________ (pollute) 9. We must learn about keeping the environment ……………………. . 2. Don’t eat those vegetables. They’re ………………………… . (poison) 11. We’ll live a happier and ………………… life if we keep our environment clean. (health) 12. You are talking complete ……………………… (sense) 13. Environment …………………… is everybody’s responsibility. (protect) C. Grammar Exercise 1: Choose the correct form: 11. Please read this text ………………………. . (careful/ carefully) 2. Could you shut the door …………………….? (quiet/ quietly) 3. He is ……………………… man. He always helps other people? 4. I’m …………………. Tired. I don’t want to do anything more. (extreme/ extremely) 5. She types the letters very ……………………. .She can type 80 words per minutes. (quick / quickly) 6. Moira is a ………………………… tennis player. (terrible/ terribly) 7. He’s just learnt how to drive a car. He still drives very ………………………. (slow/ slowly) 8. My sister has a ………………………. Voice. She sings very ………………… . (beautiful/ beautifully) 9. My family live ……………… . We always concern to one another. (happy/ happily) 10. Be ………………… . This road is very dangerous 11. - I heard Daniel isn’t very …………. (good/ well) - Well, he fell and hurt himself quite ……… (badly/ bad) 12. – There was a ………. (terrible/ terribly) accident on this road two days ago, wasn’t there? - Yes, two people were killed and the driver of the car was ………… (serious/ seriously) injured. 13. - The weather was so ……….awful/ awfully) yesterday. - yes, it was raining quite ……… (heavy/ heavily) so we stayed at home all day. 14. You haven’t cleaned the floor …………. (proper/ properly). It still ………… (dirty/ dirtily) Oh, sorry. It is still………… (dirty/ dirtily). 15. You didn’t look very ………. (happy/ happily) last night. Well, I was disappointed that I did so ……… (bad/ badly) in the exam. 16. – Can you remember what happen? - I can’t remember ……. (clear/ clearly).It all happened so ……… (sudden/ suddenly) 17. Don’t go up that ladder. It doesn’t look ………. (safe/ safely) - Don’t worry. I’ll climb ………… (careful/ carefully). 18. Did you go to Sally’s birthday party? - Yes, It was really a ……… (cheerful/ cheerfully) party. Everybody at the party was …… (colorful/ colorfully) dressed. 19. – Why do you look so … (nervous/ nervously)? - Oh, my! I’ve just got a mistake. I interrupted my boss while he was on the phone, and he looked at me …… (angry/ angrily) when I interrupted him. 20. – Have you seen Richard ……… (recent/ recently)? - yes, I just met him at Rose’s party two days ago. He seemed very (unhappy/ unhappily). He smiled ………… (sad/ sadly) at me when he saw me. Exercise 2. Put in the adverbs: 1. Emma’s toothache was terrible. Emma’s tooth ached ………………………… 2. Henry was angry. Henry shouted …………………………… 3. I’m happy sitting here. I can sit here ………………………………………… 4. He was very thoughtful standing there. He stood there ……………………………………… 5. The chidren seemed cheerful. The children played ………………………………… 6. The switch is automatic. The machine switches itself off ………………………………… 7. james is very good at speaking English. James speaks English …………………………… 8. The debate should be public. We need to debate the matter …………………………… 9. She was charming. She walked ……………………. In front of the audience. 10. Everyone was enthusiastic. Everyonr discussef the idea …………………………… 11. The man had a soft voice. The man spoke ………………………… 12. Claire wears expensive clothes. Claire dresses ……………………… 13. The runners made a low start. They started the race ………………………. 14. The building has to be secure. Did you lock all the doors ……………… 15. I had a strange dream last night. I dreamed ……………………………………. Exercise 3: Combine these sentences using BECAUSE/ AS/ SINCE: 0. I’m going to the post office. I have some postccards to send -> I’m going to the post office because/ as/ since I have some postccards to send 1. Jane was worried. She stayed at home alone. …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 2. Tom couldn’t get the job. He was not confident during the interview. …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 3. I have to work extra hours. I want to help support my family. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 4. We adorehim. He is very talented. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 5. She has to depend on us. She is an orphan. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 6. I enjoy reading books. They help broaden my knowldege of the world. …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 7. Don’t believe him. He is always being a liar. …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 8. I haven’t finished my assighnment yet. I don’t have enough materials. …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 9. You must do it right now. It’s very urgent. …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 10. I feel atracted to her. Her voice is very sweet. …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… Exercise 4: Supply either BECAUSE or BECAUSE OF : 1. It was difficult to deliver the letter ………………………… the wrong address. 2. We have to cut down on our driving ………………………….there is an oil shortage. 3. Rescue attempts were temporarily stopped ………………… the bad weather. 4. They visited their friends often ……………………….they enjoyed their company. 5. Paul could not go to the football game …………………………his illness. 6. Marcella was awarded a scholarship …………………………her superior ability. 7. Nobody ventured outdoors …………………………the hurricane warnings. 8. We plan to spen our vacation in the mountains………………….the air is purer there. 9. We have to drive around the bay …………………………the bridge was destroyed in the storm. 10. The chickens have died ……………………… the intense heat. Exercise 5.Join the following pairs of sentences using because and because of: 1. He didn’t go to school. It was raining . -> He didn’t go to school because it was raining. -> He didn’t go to school because of the rain. 2. The student arrived late. There was a traffic jam. ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 3. We decided to leave early. The party was boring. ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 4. It was a public holiday. All the shops were shut. ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 5. I lost my job. I was ill. ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… Exercise 6. Rewrite these sentences by using “because”. 1. He couldn’t meet you because of being busy. …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….…………… 2. She went to bed early because of her sickness. …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….…………… 3. We spent the whole day in the garden because of lovely weather. …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….…………… 4. I can’t play volleyball because of my height. …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….…………… 5. We can’t swim in this part of the river because of highly polluted water …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….…………… Exercise 7. Rewrite these sentences by using “because of” 1. She can’t work hard because she is very old. …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….…………… 2, He likes her because of she is very beautiful. …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….…………… 3. he broke the vase because he was careless. …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….…………… 4. He left school because his life was hard. …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….…………… 5. I went to bed early because I feel tired. …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….…………… . Exercise 8: Combine these sentences using Adj + that clause : 0. He is worried. His business is not going well. -> He is worried that his business is not going well. 1. We were disappointed. She didn’t keep her promise. ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 2. I’m sorry. I came late. ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 3. The boss was angry. I misplaced all the documents. ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 4. I am happy. The article has been very well received. …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 5. We are glad. You come. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 6. His parents are pleased. He won the best prize. ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 7. It is important. She should accept the offer. ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 8. We are afraid. The goods won’t be delevered on time. ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 9. I’m sure. They will never give him a refund. ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 10. It is necessary. You are prudent. ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… Exercise 9. Make sentences with the words suggested: 0. I / pleased / work hard. -> I am pleased that you are working hard. 1. We / grateful / you / take / interest / us. ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 2. You / sure / her child / disappeared ? ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 3. No one / sorry / our manager / resigned. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 4. Everybody / not surprised / they / divorce. ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 5. I / disappointed / you / not / see / me / yesterday. ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 6. We / thankful / she / not tell / truth. ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 7. Children / excited / go / zoo / last Sunday. ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 8. We amuse / you / love / him. ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 9. I / glad / they / come / here ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 10. I / proud / my team / win / the first award of the competion. ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… D. Writing. Exercise 1. Choose the underlined word or phrase in each of the sentence needs correcting 1. I look forward to hear from my mother in Singapore. 2. Let’s practice listening to English programs in the radio . 3. Ancient people thought that the earth is square but actually it is round . 4. Jim said that he was playing the piano in the hall now . 5. What about play tennis in stead of going to the cinema ? 6. After finish their homework , they took a long bath and went to bed . 7. Both teenagers and adults feel like help poor people, don’t they? 8. She fed up about living in remote areas without electricity. 9. When our parents are sick , we took turn to look after them carefully. 10. The police ordered the man don’t remove his hands from the steering wheel. 11. She eats only little food that she weighs only 40 kilos . 12. What about play tennis in stead of going to the cinema? 13. Stay in bed all day is not good for our health , isn’t it ? 14. You know , the room is so tidy that it need clean without delay . 15. May of my students enjoy to surf the web in their free time . 16. Tell me what is wrong for doing this job . 17. You can see that the room has been beautiful decorated for Christmas . 18. Jill and Eric had all their money stealing while they were on holiday . 19. I rarely eat ice-cream now , but I use to eat when I was a child . 20. If I have been hungry, I would have eaten something . 21. James had to get used to drive on the left . 22. What do you do if you lost your passport ? 23. Mr. Miller doesn’t likes being kept waiting . 24. I have to meet Lam in ten minutes . I have better go now or I’ll be late . 25. Some friends of yours have just moved into a new flat on a busy street. It is noisy, They used to the noise. 26. They were swimming in the ocean when the storm occurs. 27. I discovered something interestingly in the store so I got in to buy. 28. Who will look for your business affairs while you are away? 29. We are going to take role in school activities for the summer . 30. I bought a computer which screen was not very good . 31. Nam is one of my friends whom tried hard to succeed in his school age 32. What are you doing , mom? -I am listening to the forecast weather on TV. 33. We ought bring along a raincoat , I think it’s going to rain 34. The markets are closed so no food was available at the moment , I am afraid . 35. There are so many chicken in the garden that I can’t count them all . Exercise 2. Write a letter to complain about the noise. 1. I / write / this letter / complain / noise from Apartment 3C 2. I / move into / Apartment 2C / November 1st 3. Since / I move in / my upstairs neighbors / play / stereo / loudly / night 4. I / ask / them / turn it down / several times already. 5. However , they / not stop / the noise yet. 6. I / be / a student / and / study / every night 7. I / fail / final exam / next month / unless / this noise / stop 8. please talk / my neighbors / and ask / turn down their stereo / 9:00 9. I / look forward / hear / you / and see / how / you / solve / problem / Sincerely / Lan …………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………… Exercise 3. Write a letter to complain about the polluted environment 1. I am / write / this letter / complain / some people / who / catch fish / in / public lakes. 2. What / make / me / worried / be / that / they / using / dynamite / catch / fish. 3. This / kill / only / fish / also / other water creatures. 4. I would suggest / you / fine / them / heavily. 5. I / look forward / see / your solution. Sincerely, People around here …………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………… Exercise 4. With the cues given, write a compalint letter. You should rearrange them in correct order first, and then begin to write. 1. I sugest/ local authority/ make/ them/ stop/ polluting activities. 2. They produce/ so/ much/smoke/we/not/ breathe. 3. I/ write/ you/ the pollution/ make/ factory/ near/ our houses. 4. I/ look forward/ hear/ you / see/ your solution. They also make/ river/ behind/ our houses/ dirty/ chemical waste. Dear Mr. President, …………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………… . UNIT 6: THE ENVIRONMENT. A. Reading. Exercise 1. Read the following passage and. industrial sewage. 5. All of fish are dying because of people kill them for food. 6. At present, there are no unpolluted places in the world. Exercise 2. More

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